From the street photographs of the 1950s and 1960s to the postmodern imagery of the 1980s, from photography that addressed identity politics in the early 1990s to the new imaging technologies of the last decade, photography has been at the forefront of artistic innovation in America. As this volume demonstrates, its capacity for personal expression, for telling stories, and for documenting facts, makes it a medium of eloquence, relevance, and lasting power. The Whitney Museum of American Art, which possesses the single most comprehensive collection of twentieth- and twenty-first-century American art, has in recent years concentrated on expanding its photography collection. Representing the work of more than forty artists, this volume of over 160 photographs highlights the Whitney’s collection and provides photographic visions made by artists living and working in the United States from 1940 to 2000. Accompanying a major exhibition at the Whitney, this catalogue offers portraits, landscapes, streetscapes, and genre subjects from both emerging and well-known photographers, including Diane Arbus, Harry Callahan, William Eggleston, Lee Friedlander, Nan Goldin, Mary Ellen Mark, Joel Meyerowitz, Cindy Sherman, Joel Sternfeld, Brett Weston, and Garry Winogrand.