Portugal is a small country with a great past. Vasco da Gama’s discovery of the sea route to India turned the independent kingdom of Portugal into the leading sea and colonial power in the Western world. Lisbon, presumably founded by the Phoenicians, was one of Europe’s richest cities in the heyday of the Age of Discovery. Today, Portugal’s monasteries and churches, its palaces, libraries, opera houses, and museums which have survived evoke past glory with immense murals composed of colored tiles and ornate sculptural décor. We are publishing the volume to coincide with Candida Höfer’s exhibition of her Portugal photos at Centro Cultural de Belèm, Lisbon. Portuguese writer and 1998 Nobel Prize Winner for Literature, José Saramago, has written an essay for this catalog.