Valerie Solanas, who had acted in one of his underground films (“I, A Man”) shot Andy Warhol in his studio on June 3, 1968. The previous year, Solanas had written a radical separatist feminist “manifesto” that advocated the elimination of all men. After the attack she was arrested and was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia and served three years including a stay in a psychiatric hospital. Maurice Girodias of Olympia Press, having signed a contract with the author the year previously, published the book in 1968; over the years, some has expressed the opinion that the Manifesto was satirical, a parody on patriarchy but Solanas maintained her intent was serious. For the rest of her life (she would die in 1988), she continued to promote the SCUM Manifesto.